What is a Color Timer & What Role Do They Have on the Film Set?
The Color Timer is responsible for manipulating the color of a scene to ensure consistency throughout each shot. This is also called Color Correction or Color Grading. The Color Timer works with the Director of Photography to ensure that all colors on the screen remain consistent throughout the production, from beginning to end, despite any changes in lighting or other elements that could lead to slight or dramatic changes in the overall color of the picture.
The Color Timer works to correct or properly adjust the color of each shot which can be a very long and daunting task. Traditionally, films are made up of several thousand small snippets that are pieced or “spliced” together to make up the production.
In this situation, film stock varies greatly and the result is different film stock having a different tone, density, contrast, and hue. The Color timer is responsible for ensuring that the scene looks the same despite the differences in the film elements.
The Color Timer uses a machine called a color analyzer that works to balance the color of each scene and adjust the brightness in a way that makes the movie appear continuous and as though it was filmed on the same reel.
Although the days of black and white camera are long since gone, the term color timer is still used to define an industry-specific role but there’s no timing involved into today’s “color timer” role. Instead, this individual focuses only on color. They work to correct the color shade of the film to ensure a uniform appeal.
Digitally colored films began to appear in the industry in the 1990s and early 2000s. In fact, the first digitally colored film production was O Brother, Where Art Thou? This comedy film that included digital color grading throughout set the future standard for this practice.
Color Timer Responsibilities
The color timer is responsible for balancing the color and density of the footage in order to create a final edited version that is uniform, and consistent. Color timers do not actually do anything with “time” anymore, but they do focus on color.
They work to adjust the density and color of the production by adjusting red, green and blue hues similar to the way one would adjust the way the picture appears on television.
The color timer screens the film print and then compares it scene by scene to make any necessary color adjustments before the final cuts are made. Many color timers use filters to make color corrections or adjustments while others use a more traditional approach of inputting the color corrections to the computer and accessing the updates by the printing machine.
Color Timing projects range from a few weeks to several months depending on the size and scope of the project. Projects with several scenes or that were not shot well will take longer. The same is true when reshoots or effects shots come into play.
Average turnaround for color timing is about 20 days during which the film passes back and forth for approval, edit, adjustment, approval, edit, adjustment, and so on.
Colorists create the final look of the film. Therefore advanced ability to correct color and produce accurate color grading are absolutely necessary. Most color timers work in live productions such as for sporting event productions or musicals but there are instances where colorists work in post-production to accurately depict the colors of the film.
Color Timer Skills
Color timers must have a strong ability to visually recognize the need for color adjustments to the final cut of the film. The color timer should have the visual ability to predict the need for color hue adjustments as well as change to density that will adequately make the film appear as a continuous adaptation of scenes that logically flow from one to the next.
Additional skills include:
- Ability to work well with others.
- Ability to understand the overall creative desire of the director.
- Strong understanding of color, hues, saturation, contrast and film color balance.
- Ability to work well under pressure and meet deadlines.
- Ability to adjust film color so as to capture accurate skin tones, scene backgrounds, and other set items that could be misrepresented if the coloring is inaccurate.
- Knowledge of color grading software and video editing.